Returns a byte sequence that results from replacing or dropping bytes in the first of its arguments as specified by the patterns of its other arguments.
The format for the $ZTRANSLATE() function is:
The first expression specifies the sequence of octets on which $ZTRANSLATE() operates. If the other arguments are omitted, $ZTRANSLATE() returns this expression.
The optional second expression specifies the byte for $TRANSLATE() to replace. If a byte occurs more than once in the second expression, the first occurrence controls the translation, and $ZTRANSLATE() ignores subsequent occurrences. If this argument is omitted, $ZTRANSLATE() returns the first expression without modification.
The optional third expression specifies the replacement bytes for the positionally corresponding bytes in the second expression. If this argument is omitted or shorter than the second expression, $ZTRANSLATE() drops all occurrences of the bytes in the second expression that have no replacement in the corresponding position of the third expression.
$ZTRANSLATE() provides a tool for tasks such as encryption.
The $ZTRANSLATE() algorithm can be understood as follows:
$ZTRANSLATE() evaluates each byte in the first expression, comparing it byte by byte to the second expression looking for a match. If there is no match in the second expression, the resulting expression contains the byte without modification.
When it locates a byte match, $ZTRANSLATE() uses the position of the match in the second expression to identify the appropriate replacement for the original expression. If the second expression has more bytes than the third expression, $ZTRANSLATE() replaces the original byte with a null, thereby deleting it from the result. By extension of this principle, if the third expression is missing, $ZTRANSLATE() deletes all bytes from the first expression that occur in the second expression.
GTM>set hiraganaA=$char(12354) ; $zchar(227,129,130) GTM>set temp1=$zchar(130) GTM>set temp2=$zchar(140) GTM>set tr=$ztranslate(hiraganaA,temp1,temp2) GTM>w $ascii(tr) 12364 GTM>
In the above example, $ZTRANSLATE() replaces byte $ZCHAR(130) in first expression and matching the first (and only) byte in the second expression with byte $ZCHAR(140) - the corresponding byte in the third expression.