Chapter 3. Development Cycle

Revision History
Revision V6.0-003 24 February 2014

In Qualifiers for the mumps command, added the descriptions of -DY[NAMIC_LITERALS] and - NOIN[LINE_LITERALS] qualifiers.

Revision V6.0-001 21 March 2013

Added a new section called “Processing Errors from Direct Mode and Shell.

Revision V5.4-002B 26 December 2011 Conversion to documentation revision history reflecting GT.M releases with revision history for each chapter.

Table of Contents

Overview of the Program Development Cycle
Defining Environment Variables
Preparing the Database
Creating and Editing a Source Program
Editing from GT.M
Editing from the Shell
Compiling a Source Program
Compiling from GT.M
Compiling from the Shell
Qualifiers for the mumps command
Executing a Source Program
Executing in Direct Mode
Locating the Source File Directory
Executing from the Shell
Processing Errors from Direct Mode and Shell

This chapter introduces program development in the GT.M environment. The GT.M environment differs from other M implementations in a number of ways. These differences, which include maintaining data and code in separate files and compiling rather than interpreting source code, allow greater programmer control over the development cycle.

In contrast to M environments that interpret M code, GT.M compiles M code from source files into the target machine language. The GT.M compiler produces object files, which are dynamically linked into an image. Source files and object files may be managed independently, or placed together in a specific directory. GT.M permits access to source and object files in multiple directories.

GT.M databases are UNIX files identified by a small file called a Global Directory. Global Directories allow management of the database files to be independent of the placement of files containing M routines. By changing the Global Directory, you can use the same programs to access different databases.

Program development may utilize both GT.M and UNIX development tools. The development methodology and environment chosen for a particular installation, and tailored by the individual user, determines the actual mix of tools. These tools may vary from entirely GT.M with little UNIX, to mostly UNIX with a modest use of GT.M.

Direct Mode serves as an interactive interface to the GT.M run-time environment and the compiler. In Direct Mode, the user enters M commands at the GT.M prompt, and GT.M compiles and executes the command. This feature provides immediate turnaround for rapid program development and maintenance.

This chapter is based on the tasks that a programmer might perform while developing an application. It provides a "road map" for programmers of varying levels. Some steps may be unnecessary in your environment, so feel free to skip sections that do not apply to your situation.